Good Agriculture Practices ensure the optimization of farming inputs for safe crop production. It may be applied to a wide range of farming systems and at different scales say for example GAP can be followed in a domestic terrace grow bag farm to large scale industrial plantation. The FAO uses the good agricultural practice as a collection of principles to apply for on-farm production and post-production processes, resulting in safe and healthy food and non-food agricultural products. Which will enable cost-effective production without compromising the security of farmworkers, consumers, environment, animal welfare, food safety, and biodiversity of the farming ecosystem.
GAP aims at security for people by improving farm workers and consumers conditions by adopting good farming methods and post-production processing. Workers will be provided with personal protection equipment during the work and given appropriate training for doing dangerous fieldwork, as far as consumers are concerned they will be provided with good quality farm products with no hazardous material at affordable prices. It enhances the family welfare of workers by the improved standard of living like better housing, personal hygiene, sanitation, and school-going children. By adopting GAP farm outputs are Improved which ensures a sustained supply of farm produce.
GAP for Food Safety
In GAP food produced will be safe to eat as It has used an optimum amount of fertilizers and chemical inputs like pesticide, fungicides, etc. Farms are managed in high standers of hygiene and harvesting and processing of crops is done scientifically it will guarantee food safe to consume and will have high nutritive value.
GAP for Environment safety
Rational handling of agrochemicals makes sure no contamination of water and soil. When a substance is added to soil it will alter its biochemical structure and excess additives will result in seepage into nearby water sources. In GAP soil additives are added based on requirement after taking soil test hence there is no question of unwanted chemicals and its leaching out. When chemical inputs are used in the farm as fertilizers or pesticides it will not be applied near water bodies without proper measure to control it seepage or leakage to water sources.
GAP is very important in the coming days as the world population by 2050 will double, it is necessary to address the increased food production to cater the need of the increasing population. Nowadays people go for organic food; yes it is good for health. But feeding a huge population with the organic farming method will be a challenge. At the very same time, we are not supposed to go ahead with harmful and dangerous farming methods.