Brinjal Farming methods-
Seeds for Brinjal Farming are very small they are transplanted crops i.e. grown in a nursery bed it is planted in the field. When we do grow bag farming take one grow bag with a size of 40x24x24 Cms fill it with growing media and keep in shade. Seeds can be purchased from the approved agency sow the seed cover the top of the bag with dry or green leaves. Irrigate the bag by water sprayer or by using a rose cane. Remove the mulch immediately after the germination of the seeds. After reaching a size of 10cms it can be transplanted to other grow bags. Seeds can also be germinated in protrays.
Potting mix preparation for Grow bag farming
The success of grow bag farming depends on many factors one of the main factors is planting media used for the cultivation of plants. The media mix consists of 2:1:1 of soil, sand /coir, and compost/dry cow dung.
Preparation of soil- it is better to sieve the soil to remove large stones or sharp object in the soil as it damages the grow bag. It is better to take read soil with good organic matter. Soil is the main part of the medium it will act as a storehouse of nutrients for the growth of plants.
Sand it is added to ensure proper drainage and to reuse the compaction of soil if sand is not available it can be substituted with coir pith. The addition of sand or coir pith will improve the soil texture and it will help in the root development.
Compost or dry cow dung will improve the organic matter in the soil and best source of essential nutrients for the growth of plants.
Solarization of Grow bag Potting mix-It is a method of using sunlight to sterilize the potting media used for grow bag farming by this bacteria, insects, nematodes, and the seed of weed in the potting mix will get perished. For solarization to harvest solar energy potting mix is heaped and covered with a transparent polyethylene cover for 15 to30 days under the open ground. With 2:1:1 ratio consisting of soil, coir pith/sand; compost.
Brinjal Farming requires watering is given every day in the form of spray or drip or wick irrigation. Avoid direct pouring of water as it cause the splash erosion of media from the bags.
Apply organic fertilizers like dry cow dung powder, diluted biogas slurry, diluted cows urine, vermiwash, vermicompost.
Fruits will be ready to harvest after 120 to 130 days of sawing of seeds.
Pest and control-
|Shoot and fruit borer||Protect seedlings with a net, Mechanical hand-picking of and destruction of the affected part along with the larvae, Place pheromone traps. Spray Neem -Garlic emulsion (2%)|
|Red spider mite||Spray Neem seed Kernel extract (5%)|
|Hopper||Spray neem oil –garlic emulsion (2%) before 8’O clock in the morning|
|Nematode||Proper solarization of media before filling the bags, other|
Source –POP of KAU (Organic)
Brinjal (Aubergine) is one of the most used vegetable in Indian curry like Sambar, Sabji, Baji etc. It is rich in fibres and nutrients it is to be includes once in a week in our food. It can be grown in kitchen garden using grow bags without much effort.
These are the best Brinjal Farming practices in grow bags